Complex PTSD, is caused by severe abuse suffered within a captivity situation, over a prolonged period of time, where the victim has no viable of perceived means of escape.
One example of captivity trauma, is childhood abuse from caregivers. This can be prolonged neglect, emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, verbal abuse, scapegoating, gaslighting abuse etc. I have suffered them all.
Due to the immature and developing brain & psyche, abuse in childhood is far more damaging and life impacting, than in adulthood. As per trauma experts like Prof. Bessel van der Kolk, and as per increasing research via neuroscience.
Other examples of captivity abuse are prolonged domestic violence, kidnapping, enforced sex workers/prostitution, sex trafficking, prisoner of war etc.
My captivity abuse was both within childhood and as an adolescent and spanned 20 years and has impacted my entire life, and every area of my life.
See my Website for more information @ http://www.healingfromcomplextraumaandptsd.com/
My Website is recommended by many mental health professionals and clinicians, as well as many complex trauma survivors.